Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
Nutraceutical is defined as a food or parts of food that provide medical or health benefits to its basic nutritional value including the prevention and treatment of disease. A Nutraceutical is a standardized nutrient that does not exist as a regulatory category they are regulated as dietary supplements and food additives. Functional foods include such items as cereals, breads, beverages that are fortified with vitamins, some herbs, and Nutraceuticals. These can be useful in inhibition, supervision, treatment of chronic diseases. Functional foods are similar in appearance to conventional and modified foods. It is being consumed as normal diet that provides the body with the required amount of vitamins, fats, proteins, carbohydrates that have a potentially beneficial effect beyond basic nutrition. Functional foods are vital in disease prevention that containing probiotics, prebiotics, or plant stanols and sterols.